KML

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Format XML décrivant des lieux, de trajets, ...

KMZ = zip(KML+ressources multimedia)

Utilisé pour export par de nombreux équipements : Sport trainers, Suivi de flotte (espion) …

Visualisation : Google earth, Google earth plugin


Placemark

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<kml xmlns="http://www.opengis.net/kml/2.2">
<Placemark>
<name>Simple placemark</name>
<description>Attached to the ground. Intelligently places itself
at the height of the underlying terrain.</description>
<Point>
<coordinates>-122.0822035425683,37.42228990140251,0</coordinates>
</Point>
</Placemark>
</kml>



Ground Overlays

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<kml xmlns="http://www.opengis.net/kml/2.2">
<Folder>
<name>Ground Overlays</name>
<description>Examples of ground overlays</description>
<GroundOverlay>
<name>Large-scale overlay on terrain</name>
<description>Overlay shows Mount Etna erupting
on July 13th, 2001.</description>
<Icon>
<href>http://code.google.com/apis/kml/documentation/etna.jpg</href>
</Icon>
<LatLonBox>
<north>37.91904192681665</north>
<south>37.46543388598137</south>
<east>15.35832653742206</east>
<west>14.60128369746704</west>
<rotation>-0.1556640799496235</rotation>
</LatLonBox>
</GroundOverlay>
</Folder>
</kml>


Path

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<kml xmlns="http://www.opengis.net/kml/2.2">
<Document>
<Placemark>
<name>Absolute Extruded</name>
<LineString>
<extrude>1</extrude>
<tessellate>1</tessellate>
<altitudeMode>absolute</altitudeMode>
<coordinates> -112.2550785337791,36.07954952145647,2357
-112.2549277039738,36.08117083492122,2357
-112.2552505069063,36.08260761307279,2357
-112.2564540158376,36.08395660588506,2357
-112.2580238976449,36.08511401044813,2357
-112.2595218489022,36.08584355239394,2357
-112.2608216347552,36.08612634548589,2357
-112.262073428656,36.08626019085147,2357
-112.2633204928495,36.08621519860091,2357
-112.2644963846444,36.08627897945274,2357
</coordinates>
</LineString>
</Placemark>
</Document>
</kml>


Polygons

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<kml xmlns="http://www.opengis.net/kml/2.2">
<Placemark>
<name>The Pentagon</name>
<Polygon>
<extrude>1</extrude>
<altitudeMode>relativeToGround</altitudeMode>
<outerBoundaryIs>
<LinearRing>
<coordinates>
-77.05788457660967,38.87253259892824,100
-77.05465973756702,38.87291016281703,100
-77.05315536854791,38.87053267794386,100
-77.05552622493516,38.868757801256,100
-77.05844056290393,38.86996206506943,100
-77.05788457660967,38.87253259892824,100
</coordinates>
</LinearRing>
</outerBoundaryIs>
<innerBoundaryIs>
<LinearRing>
<coordinates>
-77.05668055019126,38.87154239798456,100
-77.05542625960818,38.87167890344077,100
-77.05485125901024,38.87076535397792,100
-77.05577677433152,38.87008686581446,100
-77.05691162017543,38.87054446963351,100
-77.05668055019126,38.87154239798456,100
</coordinates>
</LinearRing>
</innerBoundaryIs>
</Polygon>
</Placemark>
</kml>